Black and white television has long been part of history. But do you know his story, and do you know when and how the transition happened?
BLACK AND WHITE: SOME IMPORTANT DATES
On April 26, 1935, under the impetus of Georges Mandel, then Minister of Posts, Telegraphs and Telephones, the first official French television broadcast was broadcast from the Ministry of PTT, located rue de Grenelle, in Paris. The image, in black and white, uses a process developed by Henri de France. At the time, there were about 100 television sets in French homes (currently, more than 98% of French people were equipped with a television set).
From 1940 onwards, French radio and television broadcasting was under the control of the German authorities in the occupied zone.
On October 1, 1944, after the liberation of Paris, television programs were broadcast in closed circuit in Cognacq-Jay’s television studios, created under the Occupation. It was only at the end of 1945, after the Eiffel Tower’s summit had been returned to the French authorities by the American troops who had commandeered it, that television broadcasts resumed, still in black and white.
On 8 February 1949, the Radiodiffusion-Télévision Française (RTF) was founded, a public establishment under the authority of the public authorities and with a monopoly on radio and television broadcasting in France.
The first television news programme, created by Pierre Sabbagh, was broadcast on 29 June 1949. The filmed news are commented live and in “voiceover”. The team is composed of personalities who have made history such as Gilbert Larriaga, Pierre Dumayet, Pierre Tchernia, Jean-Marie Coldefy, Georges de Caunes, Denise Glaser, Jacques Sallebert, Roger Debouzy, Claude Loursais, Claude Darget, Jacques Anjubault.
On that date, three thousand televisions were installed in private homes.
The Office de radiodiffusion-télévision française (ORTF) was created in 1964, replacing the RTF. This reform aims to modernise the school and give it more autonomy: the ORTF is now placed under the supervision of the Ministry of Information, and no longer under its authority.
THE TRANSITION TO COLOUR
It was in 1967, on the 1st october, that French television programs could be broadcast in colour, and received as such by households equipped with adapted televisions. This transition from black and white to colour is done live on the 2nd channel, which was created in 1964.
The first colour broadcast features an address by the Minister of Information, Georges Gorse, surrounded by Claude Mercier, Director of Equipment and Operations, Jacques-Bernard Dupont, Director General of the ORTF, and Émile Biasini, Director of Television.